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4th World Congress on Epilepsy and Treatment, will be organized around the theme “Emerging therapies for improvement of epileptic life”

Epilepsy Treatment 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Epilepsy Treatment 2018

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Epilepsy is a very common Neurodegenerative disorder that affects the brain. When someone having epilepsy, it means they must have an affinity to epileptic seizures. There are different types of seizure. What happens to someone having seizure for a long time depends on which portion of their brain is affected? During some types of seizure the person may remain attentive and conscious about what’s going on around them, and with other types they may lose consciousness. They may have uncommon sensations, feelings or movements. Or they may go inflexible, fall to the floor and jerk. The main treatment for epilepsy is epileptic   medicines. These are called anti-epileptic drugs or AEDs. The medicine may doesn’t cure epilepsy, but supports to stop or decrease the number of seizures.

  • Track 1-1Neuronal Destruction
  • Track 1-2 Brain tumor
  • Track 1-3 Head Injury
  • Track 1-4 Stroke

Epilepsy is most commonly known as “the epilepsies”, as there are a large number of seizure disorders and syndromes in the Classification of Epilepsy. Basically, there are two types of Seizures i.e. either Generalized or Partial seizures which are very common most common now days. In people age below 40, about 50% of cases of epilepsy are comes under generalized seizures, and rest 50% comes under partial seizures. Apart from these two, a large number of classes of epilepsy are there. They are:

·       Simple Partial seizure

·       Complex Partial seizure

·       Grand Mal Seizure

·       Atypical Absence Seizure

·       Myoclonic Seizure

·       Atonic Seizure

·       Secondary Generalized Seizure

·       Petit Mal Seizure

  • Track 2-1 Simple Partial seizure
  • Track 2-2 Complex Partial seizure
  • Track 2-3 Grand Mal Seizure
  • Track 2-4 Atypical Absence Seizure
  • Track 2-5 Myoclonic Seizure
  • Track 2-6 Atonic Seizure
  • Track 2-7 Secondary Generalized Seizure
  • Track 2-8 Petit Mal Seizure

If seizures are developed by flashing lights or opposing light and dark patterns, then this stage is called photosensitive epilepsy. This is very uncommon but it can be identified by an EEG test. Flashing or patterned effects can make people with or without epilepsy feel confused, painful or unwell. This does not mean for all cases they have photosensitive epilepsy.

  • Track 3-1 Seizures
  • Track 3-2 Flashing Lights
  • Track 3-3 Bluer Vision
  • Track 3-4 Dizziness

Epilepsy has no detectable cause in most of the cases with the situation. But the situations   can be identified by various factors, such as:

·       Genetic influence:  In those kind of epilepsy, which are classified by the type of seizure you have or the portion of the brain that is affected, run in families. In these cases, there should be a genetic influence.

·       Head trauma:  Head trauma resulted by any kind of accident or any other traumatic injury can cause seizures or epilepsy.

·       Brain conditions:  Brain conditions causes brain damage, which may be include with brain tumors or strokes, may cause epilepsy. Stroke is a primary cause of epilepsy in adults.

·       Infectious diseases:  Infectious diseases, which may be includes with meningitis, AIDS and viral encephalitis, may cause epileptic seizures.

·       Prenatal injury:  Babies are sensitive to brain damage before the child birth which may be caused by different factors like an infection in mother, poor nutrition supply or oxygen deficiencies. This brain damage may causes epilepsy or cerebral palsy.

  • Track 4-1 Neurofibromatosis
  • Track 4-2 Tuberous
  • Track 4-3 Genetic influence
  • Track 4-4 Head trauma
  • Track 4-5 Brain Injury
  • Track 4-6 Infectious diseases
  • Track 4-7 Prenatal injury

Epilepsy causes may be results into epileptic syndromes by the specific features .These features include the period of time for having seizure in any person, the types of seizure, EEG findings, etc. Epileptic syndrome identification is useful as it helps to determine the basic causes as well as what anti-seizure medication should be given. Syndromes in which causes are not clearly recognized are very difficult to match with the modern classification of epilepsy. Classification for these cases was made arbitrarily. The idiopathic (unknown cause) categorization includes the syndromes in which the general medical features or age specificity strongly point to a supposed genetic cause. Childhood epilepsy syndromes are includes (unknown cause) class in which the cause is recognized genetic, for example benign rolandic epilepsy. Clinical syndromes in which epilepsy is not the leading feature (e.g. Angelman syndrome) were classified symptomatic but it was claimed to include these within the idiopathic classification. Classification of epileptic syndromes will may change with advances in research.

  • Track 5-1 Benign rolandic epilepsy
  • Track 5-2 Lennox-Gastaut syndrome
  • Track 5-3 Angelman syndrome

Epilepsy affects in all ages. But for children, a different type of issues that can affect one's childhood. Some kind of epilepsy ends after childhood. Some kinds of epilepsy are related to the conditions of childhood that terminateonce a child grows up. About 70% of children who are having epilepsy in their childhood may results into termination of child’s growth. There are also different seizures, such as febrile seizures, that occur one-time during childhood, and they may not result in stable epilepsy.

  • Track 6-1 Febrile Epilepsy
  • Track 6-2 Migraine
  • Track 6-3 Head Trauma
  • Track 6-4 Brain Damage

Tremor is an involuntary& rhythmic condition which may leads to muscle contraction and relaxation involving  twitching movements of all body parts i.e. hands, arms, eyes, face, head, vocal folds, trunk, and legs. Tremors occur mostly in the hands. It’s basically a neurological disorder. It includes with the disorders in the parts of the brain which control muscles movement throughout of the body.  Different neurological disorders like multiple sclerosis, stroke, traumatic brain injury, chronic kidney disease and different neurodegenerative diseases that damage our brainstem or the cerebellum which may produce tremor .Parkinson's disease is also associated with tremor. Tremors results into the indication of hypoglycemia, along with sweating and anxiety. Tremor also caused by lack of sleep, lack of vitamins, or increased stress. Different types of tremors are as follows:

·        Cerebellar tremor 

·        Dystonic tremor 

·        Essential tremor 

·        Orthostatic tremor 

·        Parkinsonian tremor 

·         Physiological tremor 

·         Psychogenic tremor

  • Track 7-1 Cerebellar tremor
  • Track 7-2 Dystonic tremor
  • Track 7-3 Essential tremor
  • Track 7-4 Orthostatic tremor
  • Track 7-5 Parkinsonian tremor
  • Track 7-6 Physiological tremor
  • Track 7-7 Psychogenic tremor

Seizures basically a Neurological disorder which may results into changes of the electrical activity inside the brain. This change may cause dramatic, visible symptoms or may not cause any symptoms. The symptoms of a severe seizure include violent shaking and a loss of control. Moreover, a mild seizure may cause for a sign of different significant medical problem, so identifying the cause is very important. Because some kind of seizures may lead to injury or be indication of an underlying medical situation.

  • Track 8-1 Generalized Seizures
  • Track 8-2 Tonic-clonic (grand mal)
  • Track 8-3 Absence seizures (petit mal)
  • Track 8-4 Partial Seizures
  • Track 8-5 Stroke
  • Track 8-6 Cancer
  • Track 8-7 Brain tumors
  • Track 8-8 Electrolyte imbalance

non-epileptic seizure (NES) includes a seizure-like activity which is considered by loss or change of physical function without creating any problem into the central nervous system. The loss or changes of physical activity results into epileptic seizures. A person may have both non epileptic and epileptic seizures.NES is directly connected to a mental health problem. Physical symptoms may also cause by emotional stress. For example of NES is a psychogenic seizures, sometimes it may call pseudo seizures.NES symptoms seems suddenly and at the duration of emotional stress. Sometimes NES may results into impaired movements of muscles, coordination disturbances, temporary blindness, loss of vision, loss of the sense of smell or touch etc.  The treatment goals for NES are to relieve the stress or emotional conflicts which may leads to loss or change in physical function. Treatment can be including with medicines, counseling, or diagnosis.

  • Track 9-1 Emotional conflicts
  • Track 9-2 Psychogenic seizures
  • Track 9-3 Organic non-epileptic seizures
  • Track 9-4 Dissociative seizures
  • Track 9-5 Factitious seizures
  • Track 9-6 Panic attacks

The circumstances which may bring on a seizure in some people having epilepsy called as Triggers. In some cases people's seizures are brought on by different situations. Triggers may be varying from person to person, but general triggers includes with tiredness and lack of sleep, stress, alcohol, and not taking medication.

  • Track 10-1 Lack of sleep
  • Track 10-2Alcoholism
  • Track 10-3Stress
  • Track 10-4 Traumatic brain injuries
  • Track 10-5 Ketogenic Diet
  • Track 10-6 Cysticercosis

The first aid of response when any person is having seizure is to deliver general carefulness and comfort and keep the person safe. There are a large number of seizures. Most of the seizures end within few minutes. These are some common steps to help someone who is having any kind of seizure:

·       Fast Aid should be continued with the person until the seizure ends and the patient is fully awake. After it ends, help the person to sit in a safe place.

·       Relief the person and speak softly.

·       Check to see if the person is wearing or a medical armlet or other emergency information.

·       Keep yourself and other people quiet.

·       Agreement to call a taxi or another person to make sure the person gets home safely.

 

Epilepsy moves into the people through different way. People who are having seizures controlled by using of medication cannot face any particular risks to their safety. The risks to safety from having seizures will depends on the  type of seizures affected to the person ; what happens to them during the period of having seizure; and how they feels later. Few people don’t want to put safety methods in place; however it may be important to get a balance between making conditions safer and self-determination of choice. Epilepsy risk assessment methods are designed to be used by individuals having epilepsy and also alongside the health and professionals care involved in managing their situation, where appropriate.

  • Track 12-1 Injury
  • Track 12-2 Driving
  • Track 12-3 Status epilepticus
  • Track 12-4 Swimming and Bathing
  • Track 12-5 Emergency Identification

Hemiplegia is a neurodegenerative condition which affects everyone through different way but most of the cases it’s results is a varying degree of weakness and lack of control in one side of the body. If any child has hemiplegia they may also have epilepsy, or epilepsy is common in people with hemiplegia. Epilepsy and Hemiplegia are the neurodegenerative condition, which means these are the situations that are affected by something that goes wrong in the brain. Both are somewhat common and epilepsy must be common in people with hemiplegia.

  • Track 13-1 Acquired hemiplegia
  • Track 13-2 Congenital hemiplegia
  • Track 13-3 Brain Damage

Epilepsy can be diagnosed by the following tests:

·       Neurological examination

·       Electroencephalogram (EEG)

·       Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

·       Computerized tomography (CT) scan

·       Positron emission tomography (PET)

·       Functional MRI (fMRI)

·       Blood tests

  • Track 14-1 Neurological examination
  • Track 14-2 Electroencephalogram (EEG)
  • Track 14-3 Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Track 14-4 Computerized tomography (CT) scans
  • Track 14-5 Positron emission tomography (PET)

Epilepsy is a branch of medicine which deals with certain disorders of the nervous system. There are about more than 600 epilepsy disorders. Major types of Epileptic diseases occur due to faulty genes or injuries to the spinal cord or brain. The physical symptoms of epileptic diseases include partial or complete paralysis, muscle weaknessetc. The medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system, which includes the brain, the spinal cord, and the nerves. A neurologist is a doctor who specializes in treating diseases of the CNS, which includes the brain and spinal cord.

A large number of disorders may associated with Epilepsy are Brain Tumor, Gaucherie Disease, Heart Attack, Huntington's disease, Malaria,Meningitis,Encephalitis ,Stress, Stroke ,Lupus ,Phenylketonuria,MELAS Syndrome,Child,Meningococcemia,SleepDisorders,Measles,Dupuytren’sContracture,Biorhythms,Toxoplasmosis,Trichinosis,Alcoholism,Hydrocephalus,Cerebral palsy Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), Sleepwalking, Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors in Adults ,Preeclampsiaand Eclampsia, Streptococcal Infections, Arteriovenous Malformation, Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults),Brain Cancer, Landau-Kleffner Syndrome,Naegleria,fowleri,Ricin Poisoning, Mitochondrial Disease,Nicotine,Febrile Seizures, Shaken Baby Syndrome (Abusive Head Trauma), Swine Flu, Low Blood Sugar (Hypoglycemia)

  • Track 16-1 Brain Tumor
  • Track 16-2 Heart Attack
  • Track 16-3 Malaria
  • Track 16-4 Meningitis
  • Track 16-5 Hypoglycemia
  • Track 16-6 Huntington’s disease
  • Track 16-7 Gaucher Disease

In general, there is no way to prevent epilepsy. Moreover, appropriate diet and sleep, and staying away from prohibited drugs and alcohol, may decrease the possibility of triggering seizures in people having epilepsy. Reduce the risk of brain injury by wearing helmets during unsafe events; this can help to reduce the chance of epilepsy. Person having uncontrolled seizures, should also avoid activities where loss of consciousness results into great danger, like climbing to high places, biking, and swimming. Prevention of epilepsy can be performed by preventing Brain injuries, Heart Attack, Cerebral palsy. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors in Adults, Hypoglycemia, Stress, Stroke etc.

  • Track 17-1 Surgery
  • Track 17-2 Medications
  • Track 17-3Head Injury

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a neurosurgical therapy involving the implantation of a medical device called a neurostimulator i.e. called as 'brain pacemaker' which helps to send electrical impulses through inserted electrodes, to exact targets in the brain  nuclei for the treatment of movement and neuropsychiatricsyndromes. DBS therapy select brain areas to providing therapeutic supports for treatment-resistant syndromes like Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, dystonia, chronic pain, major depression and obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD)etc. 

  • Track 18-1 Neuropsychiatric Disorders
  • Track 18-2Neurostimulator
  • Track 18-3 Dystonia

Therapeutic Strategies in Epilepsy is a current account of all available treatments and interferences in all phases of epilepsy. Chapters discuss seizure classification, epilepsies with differing ages of onset, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, management, drug treatments, and special considerations for those with concomitant complications. A guide for physicians for treating epileptic patients that can be used at the point of care, this important new work brings together an expert editorial team and leading experts to review the therapeutic agents currently available and assess their effectiveness. A valuable resource for experts and general physicians to keep in touch of the modern literature from a clinical viewpoint, thus relieving in the recognition of the disease and providing the most effective interference.