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5th World Congress on Epilepsy and Treatment, will be organized around the theme “Breakthrough in epilepsy research and care”
Epilepsy Treatment 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Epilepsy Treatment 2019
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Epilepsy is a very common Neurodegenerative disorder that affects the brain. When someone having epilepsy, it means they must have an affinity to epileptic seizures. There are different types of seizure. What happens to someone having seizure for a long time depends on which portion of their brain is affected? During some types of seizure the person may remain attentive and conscious about what’s going on around them, and with other types they may lose consciousness. They may have uncommon sensations, feelings or movements. Or they may go inflexible, fall to the floor and jerk. The main treatment for epilepsy is epileptic medicines. These are called anti-epileptic drugs or AEDs. The medicine may doesn’t cure epilepsy, but supports to stop or decrease the number of seizures.
Fibromyalgia is a common and complex long-lasting pain condition that causes extensive pain and sensitivity to touch that may occur body wide or migrate over the body. Signs of fibromyalgia can vary in intensity. Tiredness, sleep turbulences (sleep apnea and/or waking up unrefreshed), cognitive complications (memory problems or thinking clearly), and stiffness are the most prevalent symptoms stated. repeated nerve stimulus causes the brains of people with fibromyalgia to change. There is no treatment for fibromyalgia. Multi-disciplinary tactics for management and release of symptoms are often suggested. Segregation and feeling alone to accomplish fibromyalgia can contribute to depression.
Epilepsy affects in all ages. But for children, a different type of issues that can affect one's childhood. Some kind of epilepsy ends after childhood. Some kinds of epilepsy are related to the conditions of childhood that terminate once a child grows up. About 70% of children who are having epilepsy in their childhood may results into termination of child’s growth. There are also different seizures, such as febrile seizures, that occur one-time during childhood, and they may not result in stable epilepsy.
Some issues with epilepsy are specific to woman. Woman with epileptic seizures have close link between hormones and epileptic seizures. Hormones may increase the risk of seizures in woman with epilepsy. Women with epilepsy also have lower fertility rates and are more likely to have anovulatory menstrual cycles, polycystic ovaries, and sexual dysfunction. Irregular menstrual cycles, hirsutism, acne, and obesity should prompt an evaluation for reproductive dysfunction. This risk is reduced by using a single antiepileptic drug at the lowest effective dose and by providing preconceptional folic acid supplementation. Breastfeeding is generally thought to be safe for women using antiepileptic medications.
Epilepsy is the most common severe nerve disorder in the elderly after stroke and dementia. Older patients most often have focal seizures. Diagnosis can be challenging because of several patient-related, physician-related and investigation-related factors. Treatment is complicated by the presence of physiological changes related to aging, co-morbidities and cognitive problems as well as concerns regarding drug interactions and medication adherence. Seizures can be controlled in most patients with low doses of a single anti-epileptic drug (AED). Elderly patients are more likely to respond to AEDs and at lower doses than required in younger patients.
The nervous system is a complex, sophisticated system that regulates and coordinates body activities. It is made up of two major divisions, Central nervous system and peripheral nervous system,Disorders of nervous system may involve Vascular disorders, such as stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), subarachnoid hemorrhage, subdural hemorrhage and hematoma, and extradural hemorrhage, Infections, such as meningitis, encephalitis, polio, and epidural abscess, Structural disorders, such as brain or spinal cord injury, Bell's palsy, cervical spondylitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, brain or spinal cord tumors, peripheral neuropathy, and Guillain-Barré syndrome, Functional disorders, such as headache, epilepsy, dizziness, and neuralgia, Degeneration, such as Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Huntington chorea, and Alzheimer disease.
Dementia is a group of symptoms caused by brain disorders affecting the ability of brain cells to communicate with each other and loose the memory, thinking and social abilities severely enough to interfere with daily functioning. They may lose their ability to solve problems or control their feelings. Their personalities may change. They may become disturbed or see things that are not there. Many different diseases can cause dementia, including Alzheimer's disease and stroke. Risk factors for dementia include hardening of the arteries, high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, and smoking. There is no one test to determine if someone has dementia, it cab ne diagnosed by patient medical history, changes in regular activities, behaviour and their functioning. Drugs does not show any action to cure the dementia, it can be cured by environmental changes, a planned schedule, regular exercise, and staying engaged with others.
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative and a type of movement disorder. Parkinson’s disease affects the nerve cells in the brain that produce dopamine. Parkinson’s disease symptoms include muscle inflexibility, tremors, and changes in speech and gait. This disease affects about 50 percent more men than women. Risk factors for Parkinson’s include Age, Heredity, Sex, and Exposure to toxins. People with Parkinson's also lose the nerve endings that produce norepinephrine, the main chemical messenger of the sympathetic nervous system, which controls many automatic functions of the body, such as heart rate and blood pressure. After diagnosis, treatments can help relieve symptoms, but there is no cure. Coffee and green tea may reduce the risk of Parkinson’s disease Surgery and deep brain stimulation Therapy (DBST) can help severe cases. With DBS, electrodes are surgically implanted in the brain. They send electrical pulses to stimulate the parts of the brain that control movement.
Cognitive Disorders are very common in epilepsy patients. Most cognitive complaints in adult patients are mental slowness, memory difficulties and attention deficits. In children, cognitive problems are more diffuse, responsible for verbal troubles, learning difficulties, poor academic outcome, behavior problems and finally unfortunate socio-professional prognosis. Timely diagnosis and treatment can help to reduce their impact on the patient's quality of life. AEDs during pregnancy may cause cognitive disorders in the child exposed to them in utero. Cognitive disorders can also present as a complication of surgery for refractory epilepsy. Special care must be taken to detect cognitive side effects associated with AEDs, which seem to be more common with classic than with new AEDs, and in those patients receiving polytherapy. Neuropsychological assessment should be routinely performed before epilepsy surgery to predict possible postsurgical cognitive deficits.
Epilepsy causes may be results into epileptic syndromes by the specific features .These features include the period of time for having seizure in any person, the types of seizure, EEG findings, etc. Epileptic syndrome identification is useful as it helps to determine the basic causes as well as what anti-seizure medication should be given. Syndromes in which causes are not clearly recognized are very difficult to match with the modern classification of epilepsy. Classification for these cases was made arbitrarily. The idiopathic (unknown cause) categorization includes the syndromes in which the general medical features or age specificity strongly point to a supposed genetic cause. Childhood epilepsy syndromes are includes (unknown cause) class in which the cause is recognized genetic, for example benign rolandic epilepsy. Clinical syndromes in which epilepsy is not the leading feature (e.g. Angelman syndrome) were classified symptomatic but it was claimed to include these within the idiopathic classification. Classification of epileptic syndromes will may change with advances in research.
The best prevention managements of nerve disorders include Excersing regularly, Quitting tobacco and alcohol consumption, Control in Diabetes and High blood pressure, Eat balanced diet rich in vitaminsB6, B12 and lots of fresh fruits, vegetables and whole grains to protect nervous system. Drink plenty of water and other fluids. This helps prevent dehydration, which can cause confusion and memory problems. Drink extra water before, during, and after exercise. Take a container of water or sports drink with you when you exercise, and try to drink at least every 15 to 20 minutes. Limit your intake of caffeinated drinks, such as coffee and colas, which increase dehydration and can affect sleep.
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a neurosurgical therapy involving the implantation of a medical device called a neurostimulator i.e. called as 'brain pacemaker' which helps to send electrical impulses through inserted electrodes, to exact targets in the brain nuclei for the treatment of movement and neuropsychiatric syndromes. DBS therapy select brain areas to providing therapeutic supports for treatment-resistant syndromes like Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, dystonia, chronic pain, major depression and obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD)etc.
Therapeutic Strategies in Epilepsy is a current account of all available treatments and interferences in all phases of epilepsy. Chapters discuss seizure classification, epilepsies with differing ages of onset, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, management, drug treatments, and special considerations for those with concomitant complications. A guide for physicians for treating epileptic patients that can be used at the point of care, this important new work brings together an expert editorial team and leading experts to review the therapeutic agents currently available and assess their effectiveness. A valuable resource for experts and general physicians to keep in touch of the modern literature from a clinical viewpoint, thus relieving in the recognition of the disease and providing the most effective interference.
Epilepsy is a branch of medicine which deals with certain disorders of the nervous system. There are about more than 600 epilepsy disorders. Major types of Epileptic diseases occur due to faulty genes or injuries to the spinal cord or brain. The physical symptoms of epileptic diseases include partial or complete paralysis, muscle weakness etc. The medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system, which includes the brain, the spinal cord, and the nerves. A neurologist is a doctor who specializes in treating diseases of the CNS, which includes the brain and spinal cord.